The CCTV images of three schoolgirls strolling through Gatwick airport – and on to the horrors of ISIS -controlled Syria – shocked the country.
But Shamima Begum and her friends who ran away to join the terror group’s ‘caliphate’ in 2016 were following in the footsteps of many other young women and teenagers who were seduced into becoming a jihadi bride.
An estimated 850 people have travelled from the UK to support IS in Iraq and Syria, including 145 women and 50 minors, according to a report by King’s College London released last year.
Of the 425 who have returned, only two women and four minors were listed.
And while some appear to have survived, many have been killed or disappeared.
Here we look at some of the other British jihadi wives, and what happened to them…
A former guitarist in a punk band from Chatham, Kent, Sally converted to Islam and was was radicalised by her Islamist husband Junaid Hussain, a convicted computer hacker.
While it isn’t known whether they travelled together, she is thought to have smuggled her way into Syria in late 2013, taking her eight-year-old son Jojo with her.
She was soon a central ISIS figure, helping to coordinate and plan bloody attacks, including the ISIS kidnapping and filmed beheading of a US army veteran, while her son was used in sick propaganda videos.
As also led a propaganda drive to lure young supporters to joint them, and gained attention for her chilling threats to the West.
In a 2016 post she wrote: "I just wanna say…have a nice summer. I wouldn’t go into central London through June or July. Well, to be honest, I wouldn’t go there at all by Tube."
After her husband was killed by a US drone strike in 2015 aged 21, she was reportedly terrified to leave her home, using her son as a human shield when she did, and desperate to return to Britain.
But thousands of Brits signed a petition calling on the government to stop Jones ever returning to the country, while Islamist warlords also banned her from escaping Raqqa.
Her fears came true in June 2017 when she was herself killed by a US drone.
Reports suggested Jojo, then 12, was unharmed in the attack.
Zahra and Salma Halane
They were dubbed the terror twins after the 16-year-old siblings travelled to Syria from Manchester in June 2014.
Zahra and Salma were regarded as ‘dream students’ with bright futures ahead of them, but became radicalised and ran away overnight to join the ISIS caliphate.
Once in the war-ravaged country the pair married Islamic State fighters and Salma is known to have given birth to a boy.
It is understood they were soon widowed, but later remarried.
The teenagers used social media to romanticise their life as jihadist brides and urged other women to join up.
In one Twitter post showing them wearing burkas while firing Kalashnikov rifles, Zahra commented: “Fun day training for self defence in the Islamic state with humble sisters.”
In 2017 Islam Mitat, 23, claimed she was taken to Syria against her will by her then-husband and ended up living as the same house as Salma, who had married her husband’s brother, an ISIS fighter.
She said that Salma “crowed” over reported of terrorist attacks in Europe: “They looked so happy about it. I was so shocked.”
She added: ““The twins, they don’t look anything like the pictures you have of them. They’ve changed too much. They look like mothers.”
As anti-Isis air strikes reigned down on the town at ever-increasing levels, she said Salma bought a car and spoke of leaving Raqqa.
She said: “Especially the mothers wanted to leave because they think of their babies. But they were scared of their husbands.”
Kadiza was one of the three schoolgirls, with Shamima Begum, who left for Isis-controlled Syria on their half-term break in February 2015.
Gifted students at the Bethnal Green academy, all three were married of to jihadists after crossing the border from Turkey into the terror group’s self-proclaimed caliphate. Shamima claimed her friend married an American ISIS fighter.
But Kadiza reportedly became disillusioned with life in Raqqa and had been planning to try to make her way back across the border and back to Britain.
Her sister Halima Khanom said: “The way she used to communicate with me … The way she used to talk about things has totally changed … She’s scared of being there.”
But she was killed in May 2016 after the property she was staying in was obliterated by a Russian airstrike.
Shamima told The Times: “There was some secret stuff in the basement of Kadiza’s house which a spy found out about and passed on to the coalition who bombed.
“I never thought it would happen. At first I was in denial. I thought if ever we did get killed we’d get killed together.”
A former student at Glasgow’s most exclusive private school, the £3,500-a-term Craigholme School, Aqsa was described as a typical Western teenager before being radicalised online.
Aged 19 she dropped out of university in November 2013 and ran away to join Islamic State in Syria, where she is believed to have married an ISIS fighter.
There, she is said to have recruited other British girls to run away to Syria, including the Bethnal Green schoolgirls, and in 2015 wrote a suitcase checklist for schoolgirls wanting to join Isis fanatics.
She also became a commander of the feared all-female Al-Khansa terror brigade in Raqqa, tasked with enforcing the group’s interpretation of Sharia law with women and children.
Aqsa’s family pleaded with her to come home but also condemned a blog post she wrote praising terror attacks in France and Tunisia, saying they "feel nothing but sorrow and shame" for their daughter.
In 2015, the UK Government asked the United Nations to impose a travel ban on Mahmood, and freeze her assets due to her promotion of IS propaganda online.
She was later stripped of her British citizenship to prevent her returning to Britain.
But Aqsa, whose whereabouts are unknown and social media accounts have been removed, has said she would rather die in Syria than return to the UK, writing in her now-deleted blog: “A death in these beautiful lands is more pleasing to us than a life of luxury in the west.”
Grace ‘Khadijah’ Dare
Brought up in a Christian family of Nigerian descent in Lewisham, southeast London, Grace was one of the first British women to travel out to Syria, leaving in 2012 to join the jihadist cause with her baby son Isa.
She is understood to have been radicalised online, then began attending the Lewisham Islamic Centre where Drummer Rigby’s murders are reported to have worshipped.
There, she changed her name to Khadijah, before making her way to Syria in 2012 with her two-year-old son Isa. She married a Swede known as Abu Bakr, who was killed in 2014, and with whom she had another child, Abdur Rahman.
She used social media to gloat about the beheading of the American journalist James Foley and said she wanted to be the first British woman to kill an Isis hostage.
She has appeared on television documentaries about jihadi brides, saying she missed junk food and Chinese takeaways, but said she would never return home.
In February her son, now aged around four, was featured in a propaganda video wearing combat gear and an Isis headband. “We will kill the kuffars (infidels) over there,” he was shown saying, before appearing to blow up a car containing three Syrian prisoners.
She also posted a photo of him on social networks holding a AK47 assault rifle.
Her mother said in 2015: ““I want her back in my life. She is the only child that I have and the devil took her away.”
Lewisham Council has said that if she tries to return to the UK it would take “measures to ensure the safety of her children.”
The Dawood sisters
Khadija, 30, Zohra, 33, and Sugra, 34, left Bradford last summer with their nine children aged between three and 15, to join Isis in June 2015.
After making a pilgrimage to Medina in Saudi Arabia they boarded a flight to Istanbul and crossed into Syria instead of taking their scheduled journey home.
The sisters were reported to be joining their brother Ahmed Dawood, who had been fighting with Isis for more than a year when they left.
At the time Akhtar Iqbal, Sugra’s husband, made an emotional appeal to his son 14-year-old Junaid, saying: “‘If you watch this video, please ring me, please contact me. I love you, all of you. Please, please come back home so we can live a normal life.”
But a year later it appeared his two eldest boys had become Islamic State fighters after pictures of them brandishing AK47 assault rifles while wearing ammunition belts surfaced online.
His other son, Ibrahim, also posted a message pledging his allegiance to IS leader Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi and also urged fellow Muslims in the UK to wage jihad back home.
Little else is known about the family’s whereabouts.
Mohammed Shoaib, Khadija’s husband, said in 2016: “I have had no contact with them.
"I haven’t seen the pictures so I have no idea… but obviously if they’ve done this… I am against them. They’re wrong and we condemn them.’
Dubbed the White Widow, suspected terror mastermind Samantha is still the world’s most wanted woman.
The daughter of a British soldier and widow of a 7/7 suicide bomber, the London University graduate disappeared with her children in 2013, after which she was linked to several terror attacks claimed by the Islamic militant group Al-Shabaab.
Interpol issued a Red Notice arrest warrant for her after she was linked to the 2013 Westgate Mall attack in Kenya, which left five Brits and 66 other people dead, and around 200 injured.
Security chiefs believe her other atrocities include the slaughter of 148 people by gunmen at a university in 2015.
In Yemen, she is understood to have recruited female suicide bombers with bribes of £300 – a fortune to desperate families.
The mother from Aylesbury, Bucks, is said to have altered her appearance through plastic surgery and piled on weight in a bid to remain unrecognised, and believed to be in hiding in Kenya or Somalia.
Last November she was reported to have recently visited Dubai, with intelligence sources fearing she is plotting a string of new terror attacks, including strikes on London.
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