Monty Don shares tips for pruning roses
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Roses make a stunning addition to any garden, either as a welcoming blossom or private display. The flowers are some of the prettiest around, but they don’t grow all the time. When they do, it is generally spring or autumn, and there are several ways to cultivate them.
How to grow roses from cuttings
One way to grow roses is by using cuttings, which involves planting cut stems in the soil.
These stems then take root and produce new buds, which develop into fully-fledged roses.
People must follow several steps after securing healthy rose stems for successful cultivation.
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Equipment and materials
- Pruning shears
- Clear plastic bag/wrap
- Mature rose plant
- Rooting hormone
- Vermiculite and sand
- (Or rose-potting mixture)
Gardeners should start by isolating a 12-inch section of the stem cut at a 45-degree angle.
They need to keep the stem bare, stripping any buds or flowers that could consume the energy roses need for re-rooting.
For the same reason, all leaves apart from the top two sets should be removed from the stem before cutting above them once more.
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People should then quarter the bottom of the stem below a node with their shears up to 0.63cm.
Those counting on the rooting hormone to help their rose root should moisten the quartered tip at this juncture.
They should then plant the cutting in at least six inches of potting mix before packing and watering.
Then cover the cutting and pot with a clear plastic bag or wrap.
Gardeners should take care to ensure the bag does not brush the leaves.
From here, the growing rose requires observation, as roots tend to form during a two-week window.
People can check the status of their plant by giving it the occasional pull, as resistance will indicate rooting.
Firm roots or newly sprouting leaves indicate success, and the rose is ready for replanting in another pot or garden.
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